Transmitting the Spirit
Religious Conversion, Media, and Urban Violence in Brazil
Penn State UP 2017
Pentecostalism is one of the most rapidly expanding religious-cultural forms in the world. Its rise in popularity is often attributed to its successfully incorporating native cosmologies in new religious frameworks. This volume probes for more complex explanations to this phenomenon in the favelas of Brazil, once one of the most Catholic nations in the world.
Based on a decade of ethnographic fieldwork in Rio de Janeiro and drawing from religious studies, anthropology of religion, and media theory, Transmitting the Spirit argues that the Pentecostal movements growth is due directly to its ability to connect politics, entertainment, and religion. Examining religious and secular mediamusic and magazines, political ads and telenovelasMartijn Oosterbaan shows how Pentecostal leaders progressively appropriate and recategorize cultural forms according to the religions cosmologies. His analysis of the interrelationship among evanglicos distributing doctrine, devotees reception and interpretation of nonreligious messaging, perceptions of the self and others by favela dwellers, and the slums of urban Brazil as an entity reveals Pentecostalisms remarkable capacity to engage with the media influences that shape daily life in economically vulnerable urban areas.
An eye-opening look at Pentecostalism, media, society, and culture in the turbulent favelas of Brazil, this book sheds new light on both the evolving role of religion in Latin America and the proliferation of religious ideas and practices in the postmodern world.