In Revelation and Authority: Sinai in Jewish Scripture and Tradition
(Yale University Press, 2015), Benjamin D. Sommer
, Professor of Bible at The Jewish Theological Seminary, describes a "participatory theory of revelation," which views the Bible as the result of a dialogue between God and the people of Israel. Sommer reads Biblical, rabbinic, medieval, and modern Jewish texts in conversation, explaining that engaging in the debate over what happened at Sinai is a deeply sacred act. For Sommer, biblical criticism is an important element of a modern Jewish approach to scripture and theology.