New Books Network

T. J. Kasperbauer, “Subhuman: The Moral Psychology of Human Attitudes to Animals” (Oxford UP, 2018)
Non-human animals are companions, research subjects, creatures we fear, creatures we eat. Why do we put other animals in the various categories we do, and treat them in the various good and bad ways that we do? These are questions about human attitudes towards other animals, and the moral implications... Read More
Michael Hannon, “What’s the Point of Knowledge? A Function-First Epistemology” (Oxford UP, 2019)
Epistemologists working traditional modes have sought to discover the necessary and sufficient conditions under which one has knowledge.  This has led to several tricky philosophical problems.  Perhaps most notorious of these are the problems concerning skepticism.  It seems that any analysis of knowledge admits of cases where the analysis is... Read More
Elizabeth Schechter, “Self-Consciousness and Split Brains: The Mind’s I” (Oxford UP, 2018)
Human brains have two hemispheres whose major connection is the corpus callosum, which enables information to be shared between the hemispheres. Split-brain subjects are people whose corpus callosum has been surgically cut to alleviate epilepsy. This and other similar operations or conditions yield an odd phenomenon in which the patient... Read More
Guy Axtell, “Problems of Religious Luck: Assessing the Limits of Reasonable Religious Disagreement” (Lexington, 2019)
Our lives are shot through with contingency – where, when, and into what circumstances we are born is largely a matter of chance. And yet those features play determining roles in our lives. The languages we speak, the customs we practice, as well as our tastes and ambitions, all seem... Read More
Ethan Mills, “Three Pillars of Skepticism in Classical India: Nagarjuna, Jayarasi, and Sri Harsa” (Lexington Books, 2018)
Skepticism has a long history in the Western tradition, from Pyrrhonian Skepticism in the Hellenistic period to more contemporary forms of skepticism most often used as foils to theories of knowledge. The existence of skepticism in Indian Philosophy, however, has long been neglected in favor of dogmatic positions. In Three... Read More
Jonathan Birch, “The Philosophy of Social Evolution” (Oxford UP, 2017)
It seems to go against evolutionary theory for an individual to give up its own chances at reproducing in order to increase the fitness of others. Yet social behavior is found throughout nature, from bacteria and social insects to wolves, whales, and of course humans. What makes self-sacrifice to any... Read More
Henry S. Richardson, “Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism” (Oxford UP, 2018)
Even those among us who think that morality is rooted in timeless normative truths will acknowledge that the overall moral fabric that binds us to one another is subject to various kinds of renovation and expansion.  To take a simplistic example, the advent of the Internet has occasioned a host... Read More