Iva VukušićMar 13, 2023
Serbian Paramilitaries and the Breakup of Yugoslavia
State Connections and Patterns of Violence
Serbian Paramilitaries and the Breakup of Yugoslavia: State Connections and Patterns of Violence (Routledge, 2022) examines the nature and functions of paramilitary units throughout the 1990s and their ties to the state. The study draws on the archives of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, which conducted dozens of trials relating to paramilitary violence, as well as the records from judicial proceedings in the region. In discussing how and why certain important paramilitary units emerged, the author argues that coordinated action by a number of state institutions gave rise to paramilitaries tasked with altering borders while maintaining plausible deniability for the sponsoring regime. In addition, the outsourcing of violence by the state to paramilitaries led to a significant weakening of the very state these units and their sponsors swore to protect.
Iva Vukušić is an Assistant Professor in International History at Utrecht University, and a Visiting Research Fellow at the Department of War Studies, King's College London. She is a historian and a genocide scholar, and her research focuses on irregular armed groups, genocide and mass violence, along with transitional justice and criminal accountability.
Iva Glisic is a historian and art historian specialising in modern Russia and the Balkans.